地理与地理信息科学

2021, v.37(04) 99-105+136

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国内乡村旅游地空间分异特征及形成机理——基于全国1000个乡村旅游重点村
Spatial Differentiation Characteristics and Formation Mechanism of Rural Tourism Destinations in China:Based on 1000 Key Rural Tourism Villages

翁钢民;盛开;潘越;
WENG Gang-min;SHENG Kai;PAN Yue;School of Economics and Management,Yanshan University;Research Center of Regional Economic Development,Yanshan University;

摘要(Abstract):

乡村旅游重点村现已成为乡村旅游高质量发展的重要载体,在助力脱贫攻坚和促进乡村振兴方面发挥了重要作用。以全国1 000个乡村旅游重点村为研究样本,运用最邻近指数、Voronoi模型、核密度估计法、空间自相关、地理探测器等方法,系统揭示乡村旅游地空间分异特征及形成机理。结果表明:1)全国乡村旅游重点村空间结构总体呈"东聚西散、南多北少"特征,与胡焕庸线高度吻合;乡村旅游重点村空间分异总体趋于凝聚态势,变异系数高达227.95%,为显著集聚型分布。2)各区域间密度格局差异较大,呈现"南北两核心、东西两节点,中部‘工’字贯穿"的分布形态;全国尺度上,乡村旅游重点村莫兰指数为0.252,表现出显著空间自相关性,但冷热点分布呈不均匀状态;3)乡村旅游重点村的空间分异是多种因素交互耦合作用的结果,相关政策、资源禀赋、交通可达性、经济发展水平为强势影响因素,旅游接待能力、市场潜力为中度影响因素,地形特征为相对弱势影响因素。
Key rural tourism villages have become the important carrier for the high quality development of rural tourism, and have played an important role in helping alleviate poverty and promoting rural revitalization.Taking 1 000 key rural tourism villages in China as the research samples, the nearest neighbor index, Voronoi model, kernel density estimation method, spatial autocorrelation, geographical detector and other research methods are used to systematically reveal the spatial differentiation characteristics and formation mechanism of rural tourism destinations.Results show that the spatial structure of the key rural tourism villages across the country is characterized by "gathering in east and dispersing in west, more in south and less in north",which is highly consistent with the Hu Line.The spatial differentiation of the key rural tourism villages tends to condense.The variation coefficient is as high as 227.95%,which is a significant agglomeration distribution.The density pattern of each region is quite different, showing a distribution pattern of "two cores in north and south, two nodes in east and west, in the shape of ′工′ in the central".On the national scale, the Moran index of key rural tourism villages is 0.252,showing significant spatial autocorrelation, but the distribution of cold and hot spots is uneven.The spatial differentiation of key rural tourism villages is the result of the interaction and coupling of multiple factors.Relevant policies, resource endowment, transportation accessibility and economic development level are the strong influencing factors, tourism reception capacity and market potential are the moderate influencing factors, and terrain characteristics are relatively weak influencing factors

关键词(KeyWords): 乡村旅游重点村;空间分异;地理探测器;影响因素;形成机理
key rural tourism villages;spatial differentiation;geographical detectors;influencing factors;formation mechanism

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家社科基金后期资助项目(19FGLB001);; 国家自然科学基金项目(41961020);; 河北省自然科学基金项目(G2020203023)

作者(Author): 翁钢民;盛开;潘越;
WENG Gang-min;SHENG Kai;PAN Yue;School of Economics and Management,Yanshan University;Research Center of Regional Economic Development,Yanshan University;

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