地理与地理信息科学

2022, v.38(01) 71-78

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基于街景影像和手机信令数据的城市街道安全性研究
Research on Urban Street Safety Based on Street View Images and Mobile Signaling Data

肖通;李德平;万义良;金瑞;王柱;高伟;费玉雯;
XIAO Tong;LI De-ping;WAN Yi-liang;JIN Rui;WANG Zhu;GAO Wei;FEI Yu-wen;School of Geograhic Sciences,Hunan Normal University/Hunan Key Laboratory of Geospatial Big Data Mining and Application;School of Architecture,Hunan University;Hunan Architectural Design Institute Limited Company;

摘要(Abstract):

城市化进程加快导致街道安全性问题突出,已有研究利用城市视觉要素刻画街道安全感空间分布,忽略了街道真实安全性与安全感间的差异。该文利用街景影像和手机信令数据,结合K-means聚类算法与笛卡尔积运算模型减少"安全感知差异",以长沙市主城区为研究案例,得到白天、夜晚及总体城市街道安全性分布:1)长沙市主城区安全感指数随圈层数增加呈波动递减趋势,主要原因是建筑视觉要素占比下降较快以及天空视觉要素占比逐步上升;2)长沙市主城区呈双圈层结构,白天高安全性、夜晚低安全性以及总体安全性最低的区域主要分布在主城区中心,具有明显的聚集现象。该研究通过对城市街道安全性和低安全性街道的分析提出街道优化建议,为城市规划提供参考。
The accelerated urbanization process leads to more prominent street safety problems, and it is important to explore the spatial distribution of urban street safety for sustainable urban development.Previous studies have used urban visual elements to portray the spatial distribution of street safety, but ignored the difference between the real safety and the sense of street safety.In this paper, street view images and mobile signaling data are used to reduce the "perceptual difference" by combining K-means and Cartesian product models.Finally, we obtain the safety distribution of urban streets in the main urban area of Changsha. It is found as follows.1) In the main urban area of Changsha, the overall trend of safety perception index in the circle distribution is decreasing, and the main reason for the decreasing trend is that the proportion of visual elements in buildings is decreasing too fast and the proportion of visual elements in the sky is gradually increasing. 2) The urban safety perception in the main urban area of Changsha presents a double circle structure, and the areas with high safety during daytime, low safety at night and the lowest overall safety are mainly distributed in the main center of the main urban area of Changsha, with an obvious aggregation phenomenon. Some suggestions are put forward for street optimization through the analysis of urban street safety, which provide important references for urban planning.

关键词(KeyWords): 街道安全性;街景;手机信令数据;语义分割;安全感
street safety;street view;mobile signaling data;semantic segmentation;safety perception

Abstract:

Keywords:

基金项目(Foundation): 国家自然科学基金项目(41701465);; 教育部人文社会科学青年基金项目(20YJC790055、21YJCZH151);; 湖南省自然科学基金青年基金项目(2020JJ5051);; 长沙市杰出创新青年培养计划项目(kq2009017)

作者(Authors): 肖通;李德平;万义良;金瑞;王柱;高伟;费玉雯;
XIAO Tong;LI De-ping;WAN Yi-liang;JIN Rui;WANG Zhu;GAO Wei;FEI Yu-wen;School of Geograhic Sciences,Hunan Normal University/Hunan Key Laboratory of Geospatial Big Data Mining and Application;School of Architecture,Hunan University;Hunan Architectural Design Institute Limited Company;

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